After graduating from USMA in 1966 and serving a tour in West Germany, Robert Scales assumed command of an artillery battery in South Vietnam in May 1969. He and his unit were immediately embroiled in the fight for Dong Ap Bia, which became known as "Hamburger Hill." A month later, his position was overrun in a sustained attack by North Vietnamese regulars, during which his unit suffered numerous casualties. He dedicated the rest of his career to improving the training, equipment, and structure of the U.S. Army, commanding the Field Artillery School, shaping priorities at TRADOC, and serving as commandant of the Army War College. He later became an author and commentator on military and national security affairs. In this wide-ranging interview, he discusses a myriad of topics, including his time at West Point, his experiences as a combat leader, the reinvigoration of the Army after Vietnam, the Persian Gulf War, and his concerns over the U.S. military's persistent emphasis on technology.